bản Internet 2001
Hidden; dark; dim; gloomy; gmysterious.
Dark, gloomy, obcure, sombre. Mặt u ám, dismal, melancholy face. Tư tưởng u ám,
Hidden, secret, in seclusion. Sống u ẩn, to live in seclusion.
The dark paths, i.e. rebirth in purgatory or as hungry ghosts, or animals.
The under world and the world of the living.
Invisible spirits, the spirits in the shades, the soul of the departed.
Stupid, idiot. Làm u mê, to stupefy, besot, deaden, bestialize.
Mysterious, beyond comprehension; the shades.
The mysterious form, the spirit of the dead.
Skandha (S). Accumulation, heap; group, aggregates of the existence.
tính. Character of skandha.
giới. The five skandhas uẩn, twelve àyatana or bases xứ, eighteen dhàtu or
Dense, oppressive, anxious; translit u sounds.
ma. Uttama (S). Highest, chief, greatest.
la. Uttara (S). Upper, higher, superior; subsequent; result; excess; the north.
la tăng. Uttaràsanga (S). An upper or outer garment; the seven-patch robe of a monk;
also used for the robe flung toga-like over the left-shoulder.
già. Udraka-Ràmaputra (S). A Brahman ascetic to whom miraculous powers are ascribed,
for a time mentor of Sàkyamuni when he left home. Also Uất đầu lam phất, Uất đà
việt. The northern of the four continents around Meru. Also Bắc cu lô châu.
Dirty, filthy, unclean.
The foul earth, impure land.
Uy âm vương
Phật. Bhìsmagarjitasvara-ràja (S). A former Buddha.
Respond, correspond, answer, reply;
cúng. Arhat (S). Worthy of worship.
Nirmàna means formation, with Buddhists, transformation, or incarnation. Responsive
incarnation, or manifestation, in accordance with the nature or needs of different beings.
lợi sinh. Revelation or incarnation for the benefit of the living.
thân. Nirmànakàya (S). The Buddha incarnate, the transformation body.
Pàtra (S). The begging bowl, the utensil corresponding to the dharma. Also ứng lượng
Geya (S). Corresponding verses, i.e. a prose address repeated in verse
lị ma la. Angulimàla (S). The killer who was converted by Buddha. Also Chỉ man,
Sorrow, grief, anxiety, melancholy; to mourn, grieve; translit u, yu.
The ocean of sorrow.
The fires of sorrow or distress.
To be afflicted with a calamity, with misfortune.
The world of trouble and sorrow.
Sorrow, one of the five emotions.
Abundant, excessive; exceptional, extra; at ease; an actor; chiefly translit u sounds.
Ưu ba cúc
đa. Upagupta (S). The fourth Indian Patriarch. Another name of Moggaliputta-Tissa.
Ưu ba đề
xá. Upadesa (S). Section of the Canon
Ưu ba kiết.
Ưu ba li.
Upàli (S). A barber of sùdra caste, who became a disciple of Sàkyamuni, was one of the
three sthaviras of the first Synod, and reputed as the principal compiler of the Vinaya,
hence his title Trì giới Keeper of the Laws.
Ưu bà di.
Upàsikà (S). Female lay disciples who engage to observe the first five precepts.
Ưu bà đà
da. Upàdhyàya (S). A spiritual teacher. A genaral term for monk. Also hòa thượng,
thân giáo sư.
Ưu bà quật
đa. Upagupta (S). A sùdra by birth, who entered upon monastic life when 17 years
old. He was renowned as almost a Buddha, lived under King Asoka, and is reputed as the
fourth patriarch, 200 years after the nirvàna. Also Ưu ba cúc đa.
Ưu bà tắc.
Upàsaka (S). Originally mening a servant, one of low caste, it became the name for a
Buddhist layman who engages to observe the first five precepts, a follower, disciple,
la. Utpala (S). The blue lotus, to the shape of whose leaves the Buddha's eyes are
likened; also applies to other water lilies. Name of a dragon king; also one of the cold
hells, and one of the hot hells.
di. Udàyin (S). To rise, shine forth; a disciple of Sàkyamuni, to appear as Buddha
Samantaprabhàsa Phổ Minh Như Lai.
Ưu đa la.
Uttara (S) Upper, superior, higher, further.
na. Udàna(ya) (S). Voluntary discourses, a section of the canon. Also Tự thuyết.
Udumbara (S). The glomarous fig tree, symbol of the arrival of a Buddha on the Earth.
bát hoa. The udumbara tree; supposed to produce fruit without flowers; once in 3,000
years it is said to flower, hence is a symbol of the rare appearance of Buddha. The Ficus
vương. Udayana (S). Name of a king. Also Ưu đà diên vương.
Ưu lâu tần
loa Ca diếp. Uruvilvà Kàsyapa (S). One of the principal disciple of Sàkyamuni, so
called because he practiced ascetism in the Uruvilvà forest, or, because he had on his
breast a mark resembling the fruit of the papaya (uruvilvà) He is to reaapear as Buddha
xoa. Upeksà (S). The state of mental equilibrum in which the mind has no bent or
attachment, and neither meditates nor acts, a state of indifference. Explained by xả
abandonment. Also xả tướng, hành xả